Gum disease or also called periodontal disease, are diseases that affects the supporting structure of the tooth like the gums. It starts with the inflammation of the gum line which is called gingivitis. Gingivitis is manageable if treated in early stage. However if gingivitis is left untreated it can lead to periodontitis- a more serious form of gum disease. Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults because it destroys the supporting structure of your tooth the bone and the gums.
The main cause of gum disease is plaque formation due to poor oral hygiene. Other factors that can increase the risk of developing gum disease are:
- Bad habits such as smoking
- crooked teeth that are hard to keep clean
- Family history of dental disease
- Hormonal changes
- Medications such as steroids
The earliest signs of gum disease are bleeding gum during brushing the teeth, red and swollen gums, and persistent bad breath. If you feel you are experiencing these signs better to visit the dentist near you. The dentists will advise of the best treatment to stop gingivitis. Also good oral hygiene at home is a must. Brushing your teeth twice a day with a soft brush, fluoridated toothpaste and use floss once a day.
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